Cover Image

Lower than the Lowest! Relict Salamandra salamandra Population in Stârmina Hill, South-Western Romania

Severus-Daniel Covaciu-Marcov, István Sas-Kovacs, Alfred-Ştefan Cicort-Lucaciu


The lowest Salamandra salamandra distribution locality in Romania is recorded at 78 m altitude, in Stârmina Hill. The population seems isolated from the main distribution range. S. salamandra survives near a small stream from a ravine with very steep slopes, covered with natural forests, including beech.


fire salamander; altitude; amphibians; relicts; habitats

Full Text:



Balagová M., Uhrin M., Kaòuk J., and Kaľavský J. (2012), “Salamandra salamandra in Slovakia, distribution and habitat,” Folia Veterinaria, 56(4), 3 – 6.

Bartolini S., Cioppi E., Rook L., and Delfino M. (2014), “Late Pleistocene fossils and the future distribution of Rana temporaria (Amphibia, Anura) along the Apennine Peninsula (Italy),” Zool. Studies, 53, 76.

Cogãlniceanu D., Aioanei F., and Bogdan M. (2000), Amfibienii din România. Determinator, Editura Ars Docendi, Bucharest [in Romanian].

Cogãlniceanu D., Székely P., Samoilă C., Iosif R., Tudor M., Plăiaşu R., Stănescu F., and Rozylowicz L. (2013), “Diversity and distribution of amphibians in Romania,” ZooKeys, 296, 35 – 57.

Covaciu-Marcov S.-D., Cicort-Lucaciu A.-Ş., and Ferenţi S. (2007), “Salamandra salamandra (Amphibia, Salamandridae) at 150 m height in the forest from Livada, Satu-Mare county, Romania,” Anal. Univ. Craiova. Ser. Horticultura. Biol., 12, 283 – 286.

Covaciu-Marcov S.-D., Cicort-Lucaciu A.-Ş., Balint (Szeibel) N., Szabo A.-L., and Lazar O. (2008), “About some low altitude populations of Salamandra salamandra and Rana temporaria from the Prunişor-Igneşti area, Arad county, Romania,” Anal. Univ. Craiova. Ser. Horticultura. Biol., 13, 47 – 53.

Covaciu-Marcov S.-D., Cicort-Lucaciu A.-Şt., Gaceu O., Sas I., Ferenţi S., and Bogdan H. V. (2009), “The herpetofauna of the south-western part of Mehedinţi County, Romania,” North-Western J. Zool., 5(1), 142 – 164.

Covaciu-Marcov S.-D., Cicort-Lucaciu A.-Ş., Sucea F. N., and Sas I. (2012), “Salamandra salamandra (Linnaeus, 1758) in the Getic Piedmont, Romania: Geographic distribution, Status and conservation,” Carpath. J. Earth Environm. Sci., 7(1), 55 – 58.

Ferenţi S. and Covaciu-Marcov S.-D. (2014), “Relict populations of Hyloniscus transsilvanicus and Ligidium germanicum in the Blahniţa Plain, south-western Romania,” Spixiana, 37(1), 69 – 72.

Iftime A. (2005), “New observations on the Herpetofauna from Domogled-Valea Cernei National Park and Portile de Fier Natural Park (Romania),” Trav. Mus. Natl. d’Hist. Nat.Grigore Antipa,” 48, 327 – 337.

Jablonski D., Balej P., Jůna F., and Homolka M. (2013), “Low altitudinal distribution on Salamandra salamandra from the Balkan Peninsula,” Herpetol. Notes, 6, 563 – 566.

Litvinchuk S. N. (1996), “On records of Salamandra salamandra in the south-eastern part of the Baltic region,” Russ. J. Herpetol., 3(2), 196 – 198.

Meikl M., Reinthaler-Lottermoser U., Weinke E., and Schwarzenbacher R. (2010), “Collection of Fire Salamander (Salamandra salamandra) and Alpine Salamander (Salamandra atra) distribution data in Austria using a new, community-based approach,” Eco. Mont J. Protected Mount. Areas Res., 2(1), 59 – 65.

Nečas P., Modrý D., and Zavadil V. (1997), Czech Recent and Fossil Amphibians and Reptiles — An Atlas and Field Guide, Ed. Chimaira, Frankfurt.

Paşcovschi S. (1956), “Câteva consideraţii biogeografice asupra Munţilor Banatului,” Ocrotirea Naturii, 2, 111 – 134 [in Romanian].

Paşcovschi S. (1967), Succesiunea speciilor forestiere, Editura Agrosilvică, Bucharest [in Romanian].

Puky M., Schád P., and Szövényi G. (2005), Magyarország herpetológiai atlasza — Herpetological atlas of Hungary, Varangy Akciócsoport Egyesület (IUCN SSC Declining Amphibian Population Task Force Hungary), Budapest [in Hungarian].

Strugariu A., Zamfirescu S. R., Nicoara A., Gherghel I., Sas I., Puscasu C. M., and Bugeac T. (2008), “Preliminary data regarding the distribution of the herpetofauna in Iaşi County (Romania),” North-Western J. Zool., 4(Suppl. 1), S1 – S23.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

You can subscribe to the print or electronic version of the journal on the site of EastView Company. If you have any questions, please write to the email