A Review of Tailed Amphibian Remains from Late Cenozoic Sediments of the East European Plain

Vyacheslav Yu. Ratnikov


This paper presents a review of findings of tailed amphibians from the Late Cenozoic of the East European Plain, including materials from 13 localities. The descriptions of remains of Mioproteus sp., Salamandrella sp., Triturus cristatus aut dobrogicus, Triturus cf. karelinii, and Lissotriton vulgaris are given. Geographic and stratigraphic distributions of findings are listed. Determination of two vertebrae from Korotoyak and Vladimirovka as Triturus cf. alpestris is recognized invalid.


tailed amphibians; Late Cenozoic; East European Plain

Full Text:



Ananjeva N. B., Borkin L. Y., Darevsky I. S., and Orlov N. L. (1998), Amphibians and Reptiles. Encyclopedia of the Russian Nature [Zemnovodnye i Presmykayushchiesya. Éntsiklopediya Prirody Rossii], Moscow [in Russian].

Averianov A. O. (2001), «New Records of Proteid Salamanders (Amphibia, Caudata) from the Pliocene of Ukraine and Lower Pleistocene of Moldavia», Vestnik Zool., 35(1), 43 – 46.

Averianov A. O. and Tjutkova L. A. (1995), «Ranodon cf. sibiricus (Amphibia, Caudata) from the Upper Pliocene of Southern Kazakhstan: the first fossil record of the family Hynobiidae», Paläont. Z., 69(1/2), 257 – 264.

Bakradze M. A. and Chkhikvadze V. M. (1988), «Materials to tertiary history of herpetofauna of Caucasus and adjacent regions», Vestnik Gos. Muz. Gruzii, 34-A, 176 – 193 [in Russian].

Berman D. I., Derenko M. V., Malyarchuk B. A., Grzybowski T., Kryukov A. P., and Miścicka-Śliwka D. (2005), «Intraspecific genetic differentiation of Siberian newt (Salamandrella keyserlingii, Amphibia, Caudata) and cryptic species S. schrenkii from the Russian south-east», Zool. Zh., 84(11), 1374 – 1388 [in Russian].

Carranza S. and Amat F. (2005), «Taxonomy, biogeography and evolution of Euproctus (Amphibia: Salamandridae), with the resurrection of the genus Calotriton and the description of a new endemic species from the Iberian Peninsula», Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 145, 555 – 582.

Engelmann W.-E., Fritzsche J., Günther R., and Obst F. J. (1985), Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas, Neumann Verlag, Leipzig.

Estes R. (1981), Encyclopedia of Paleoherpetology. Part 2. Gymnophiona, Caudata, Gustav Fisher, Stuttgart – New York.

Estes R. and Darevsky I. (1977), «Fossil amphibians from the miocene of the North Caucasus, USSR», J. Paleontol. Soc. India, 20, 164 – 169.

Frost D. R., Grant T., Faivovitch J. N., Bain R. H., Haas A., Haddad C. L. F. B., de Sa R. O., Channing A., Wilkinson M., Donnellan S. C., Raxworthy C. J., Cambell J. A., Blotto B. L., Moler P., Drewes R. C., Nussbaum R. A., Lynch J. D., Green D. M., and Wheeler W. C. (2006), «The amphibian tree of life», Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297, 1 – 370.

Hodrova M. (1984), «Salamandridae of the Upper Pliocene Ivanovce locality (Czechoslovakia)», Acta Univ. Carol. Geol., No. 4, 331 – 352.

Hodrova M. (1985), «Amphibia of Pliocene and Pleistocene Včelar localities (Slovakia)», Čas. pro miner. a geol., 30(2), 145 – 161.

Iosifova Yu. I., Agadzhanyan A. K., Pisareva V. V., Semenov V. V. (2006), «The Upper Don basin as stratoregion of the Middle Pleistocene of the Russian plain», in: Reconstructions from Palynology, Climatostratigraphy, and Geoecology [Palinologicheskiye, klimatostratigraphicheskiye i geoékologicheskiye rekonstruktsii], St. Petersburg, pp. 41 – 84 [in Russian].

Kuzmin S. L. (1999), Amphibians of the Former USSR, KMK, Moscow [in Russian].

Litvinchuk S. N., Zuiderwijk A., Borkin L. J., and Rosanov J. M. (2005), «Taxonomic status of Triturus vittatus (Amphibia: Salamandridae) in western Turkey: trunk vertebrae count, genome size and allozyme data», Amphibia–Reptilia, 26(3), 305 – 323.

Malakhov D. V. (2003), «The earliest known record of Mioproteus (Caudata; Proteidae) from the Middle Miocene of Central Kazakhstan», Biota, 4(1 – 2), 67 – 72.

Młynarski M., Szyndlar Z., Estes R., and Sanchiz B. (1984), «Amphibians and reptiles from the Pliocene locality of Węze II near Działoszyn (Poland)», Acta Palaeontol. Polonica, 29(3 – 4), 209 – 226.

Ratnikov V. Yu. (1989), «Some notes about herpetofauna findings in quaternary sediments of East Europe», in: Problems of Herpetology. Abstrs. if the VII All-Union Herpetol. Conf., Kiev, 208 – 209 [in Russian].

Ratnikov V. Yu. (1996), «The Late Pliocene herpetofauna of the Korotoyak site the Voronezh region and the contemporary landscape», in: The Down of the Quaternary. Abstrs. of the INQUA-SEQS Symp., 16 – 21 June 1996, Kerkrade, The Netherlands, p. 79.

Ratnikov V. Yu. (1997a), «New data on the herpetofauna of Kuznetsovka locality in Tambov region», Izv. Vuzov. Geol. Razvedka, No. 1, 26 – 32 [in Russian].

Ratnikov V. Yu. (1997b), «Middle Pleistocene herpetofauna of Vladimirovka locality in Voronezh region», Vestnik VGU. Ser. Geol., 3, 88 – 91 [in Russian].

Ratnikov V. Yu. (2002a), «Late Cenozoic amphibians and reptiles of the East-European plain», in: Trudy NII Geol. VGU, p. 10 [in Russian].

Ratnikov V. Yu. (2002b), «Muchkapian (Early Neopleistocene) amphibians and reptiles of the East-European plain», Russ. J. Herpetol., 9(3), 229 – 236.

Ratnikov V. Yu. (2002c), «New findings of amphibians and reptiles in the base muchkapian localities of Upper Don Basin» Vestnik VGU. Ser. Geol., No. 1, 73 – 79 [in Russian].

Ratnikov V. Yu. (2005), «Likhvinian (Middle Neopleistocene) amphibians and reptiles of the East-European Plain», Russ. J. Herpetol., 12(1), 7 – 12.

Ratnikov V. Yu. and Krokhmal A. I. (2003), «Middle Neopleistocene herpetofauna of Ozernoe-1 locality», Geol. Zh., No. 3, 127 – 131 [in Russian].

Ratnikov V. Yu. and Krokhmal A. I. (2005), «Middle Pleistocene small terrestrial vertebrates of Nagornoe-1 and Nagornoe-2 sections», Geol. Zh. (4), 97 – 105 [in Russian].

Ratnikov V. Yu. and Litvinchuk S. N. (2007), «Comparative morphology of trunk and sacral vertebrae of tailed amphibians of Russia and adjacent countries», Russ. J. Herpetol., 14(3), 177 – 190.

Venczel M. (1999), «Land salamanders of the family Hynobiidae from the Neogene and Quaternary of Europe», Amphibia–Reptilia, 20, 401 – 412.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30906/1026-2296-2010-17-1-59-66


  • There are currently no refbacks.

You can subscribe to the print or electronic version of the journal on the site of EastView Company. If you have any questions, please write to the email sales@ivis.ru