Cover Image

Morphological Reevaluation on the Subspecific Position of Darevskia derjugini in Turkey

Muammer Kurnaz, Ufuk Bülbül, Ali İhsan Eroğlu, Halime Koç, Bilal Kutrup


In this study, we present new morphological comparison between Darevskia derjugini derjugini and Darevskia derjugini barani in Turkish populations. Totally 55 specimens (21 for D. d. derjugini and 34 for D. d. barani) were used for the comparisons. Independent T-Test results indicated that the morphological characters used in discrimination of the two subspecies were not different in the specimens. The results of canonical discriminant analyses did not exhibit sufficiently distinction between two subspecies because many individuals overlapped between the D. d. derjugini and D. d. barani populations for both meristic and metric characters. In conclusion, we decided that only nominate subspecies, Darevskia derjugini derjugini live in Turkey.


Darevskia derjugini derjugini; Darevskia derjugini barani; pholidosis; metric; meristic; canonical discriminant analyses

Full Text:



Arribas O. J., Ilgaz Ç., Kumlutaş Y., Durmuş S. H., Avcı A., and Üzüm N. (2013), «External morphology and osteology of Darevskia rudis (Bedriaga 1886), with a taxonomic revision of the Pontic and Small-Caucasus populations (Squamata: Lacertidae)», Zootaxa, 3626, 401 – 428.

Baran İ. (1977), «Kuzeydoğu Anadolu Lacerta derjugini materyali hakkında», Ege Üniv. Fen Fak. Derg., 1, 319 – 323 [in Turkish].

Baran İ., Tosunoğlu M., Kaya U., and Kumlutaş Y. (1998), «Çamlıhemşin (Rize) civarının herpetofauna sıhakkında», Turk. J. Zool., 21, 409 – 416 [in Turkish].

Bellati A., Pellitteri-Rosa D., Sacchi R., Nistri A., Galimberti A., Casiraghi M., Fasola M., and Galeotti P. (2011), «Molecular survey of morphological subspecies reveals new mitochondrial lineages in Podarcis muralis (Squamata: Lacertidae) from the Tuscan Archipelago (Italy)», J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 49, 240 – 250.

Bischoff W. (1982), «Zur Kenntnis der Innerartlichen Gliederungder Artwin Eidechse, Lacerta derjugini Nikolskij, 1898», Zool. Abh., 38, 1 – 52.

Bischoff W. (1984), «Bemerkungen zur Innerartlichen Gliederung und zur Verbreitung der Artwiner Eidechse (Lacerta derjugini Nikolsky, 1898) an den Sudhangen des Großen Kaukasus (Sauria: Lacertidae)», Salamandra, 20, 101 – 111.

Bischoff W., Franzen M., and Schmidtler J. F. (2005), «Neue, Weit Westlich Gelegene Fundorte von Darevskia derjugini (Nikolskij, 1898) in der Türkei (Reptilia: Lacertidae) mit Anmerkungen zur Unterartgliederung», Die Eideche, 16, 11 – 19.

Bülbül U. and Kutrup B. (2013), «Morphological and genetic variations of Ommatotriton in Turkey», Anim. Biol., 63, 297 – 312.

Castellano S. and Giacoma C. (1998), «Morphological variation of the green toad, Bufo viridis, in Italy: a test of causation», Herpetologica, 32, 540 – 550.

Castellano S. and Giacoma C. (2000), «Morphometric and advertisement call geographic variation in polyploid green toads», Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 70, 341 – 360.

Clark R. J. (1972), «Notes on a third collection of reptiles made in Turkey», Br. J. Herpetol., 4, 258 – 262.

Clark R. J. and Clark E. D. (1973), «Report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from Turkey», Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 104, 1 – 62.

Franzen M. (1999), «Verbreitung und Ökologie von Pelodytes caucasicus Boulenger, 1896 in der Türkei», Salamandra, 35, 1 – 18.

Franzen M. (2000), «Winteraktivität von Darevskia-Arten in der Nordost-Türkei», Die Eideche, 11, 77 – 81.

Ilgaz Ç. (2007), «The Morphology, taxonomy, and distribution of specimens of Darevskia clarkorum (Sauria: Lacertidae: Darevskia) collected from Turkey’s eastern Black Sea region», Turk. J. Zool., 31, 325 – 336.

Ilgaz Ç. (2009), «Comparative morphology of Darevskia parvula (Lantz-Cyren 1936) (Sauria: Lacertidae) subspecies in Northeastern Anatolia, Turkey», N. West J. Zool., 5, 263 – 280.

Kosushkin S. A. and Grechko V. V. (2013), «Molecular genetic relationships and some issues of systematics of rock lizards of the genus Darevskia (Squamata: Lacertidae) based on locus analysis of SINEType repeats (Squam1)», Russ. J. Genet., 49, 857 – 869.

Kutrup B. (2001), «On the amphibia and reptilia species of Murgul (Artvin)», Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 4, 1160 – 1164.

Marzahn E., Mayer W., Joger U., Ilgaz Ç., Jablonsky D., Kindler C., Kumlutaş Y., Nistri A., Scheeweis N., Wamberger M., Zagar A., and Fritz U. (in press), «Phylogeography of the Lacerta viridis complex: mitochondrial and nuclear markers provide taxonomic insights», J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., doi: 10.1111/jzs.12115.

Mulder J. (1995), «Herpetological observations in Turkey (1987 – 1995)», Deinsea, 2, 51 – 66.

Podnar M., Mayer W., and Tvrtkovic N. (2003), «Mitochondrial phylogeography of the Dalmatian wall lizard, Podarcis melisellensis (Lacertidae)», Org. Divers. Evol., 4, 307 – 317.

Podnar M., Mayer W., and Tvrtkovic N. (2005), «Phylogeography of the Italian wall lizard, Podarcis sicula, as revealed by mitochondrial DNA sequences», Mol. Ecol., 14, 575 – 588

Poulakakis N., Lymberakis B., Antoniou A., Chalkia D., Zouros E., Mylonas M., and Valakos E. (2003), «Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the wall-lizard Podarcis erhardii (Squamata: Lacertidae)», Mol. Phylogen. Evol., 28, 38 – 46.

Ryabinina N. L., Bannikova A. A., Kosuskhin S. A., Ciobanu D. G., Milto K. D., Tuniyev B. S., Orlova V. F., Grechko V. V., and Darevsky I. S. (2002), «Estimation of subspecific level of differentiation in Caucasian lizard of genus Darevskia (syn. «Lacerta saxicola complex» Lacertidae, Sauria) using genome DNA markers», Russ. J. Herpetol., 9(3), 185 – 194.

Tarkhnishvili D. N., Arntzen J. W., and Thope R. S. (1999), «Morphological variation in brown frogs from the Caucasus and the taxonomy of the Rana macrocnemis group», Herpetologica, 55, 406 – 417.

Tenie A. (1978), «Observations Herpétologiquesen Turquie. Lète Partie», Bull. Soc. Herpetol., 43, 9 – 18.

Tuniyev S. B. and Ostrovskikh S. V. (2006), «Intraspecific taxonomy and geographical variation of Darevskia derjugini (Nikolsky, 1898) (Reptilia: Sauria) in the north-western part of its habitat», Mod. Herpetol., No. 5/6, 71 – 92.

Tuniyev S. B. and Tuniyev B. S. (2008), «Intraspecific variation of the sand lizard (Lacerta agilis) from the western Caucasus and description of a new subspecies Lacerta agilis mzymtensis ssp. nov. (Reptilia: Sauria)», Russ. J. Herpetol., 15, 55 – 66.

Tuniyev S. B., Doronin I. A., Kidov A. A., and Tuniyev B. S. (2011), «Systematic and geographical variability of meadow lizard, Darevskia praticola (Reptilia: Sauria) in the Caucasus», Russ. J. Herpetol., 18(4), 295 – 316.

Tuniyev S. B., Avcı A., Tuniyev B. S., Agasian A. L., and Agasian L. A. (2012), «Description of a new species of shield-head vipers — Pelias olguni sp. nov. from basin of upper flow of the Kura river in Turkey», Russ. J. Herpetol., 19(4), 314 – 332.

Tuniyev S. B., Doronin I. V., Tuniyev B. S., Aghasyan A. L., Kidov A. A., and Aghasyan L. A. (2013), «New subspecies of meadow lizard, Darevskia praticola loriensis ssp. nov. (Reptilia: Sauria) from Armenia», Russ. J. Herpetol., 20(3), 223 – 237.



  • There are currently no refbacks.