New Data on Habitats and Distribution of the Caucasian Agama, Paralaudakia caucasia (Eichwald, 1831) in Dagestan

Liudmila Mazanaeva, Natalia Borisovna Ananjeva


The new data on the distribution and habitats of the Caucasian agama in Dagestan are described and analyzed in this report. In 2004 – 2014 36 new localities were recorded during multiple visits in all parts of the mountainous Dagestan and all previously reported 14 records were confirmed. The Caucasian agama refers to a group of mountain petrophilous lizards; its habitats in Dagestan as well within the whole vast distribution range are associated with the arid foothills and mountainous landscapes. Approximate area of the regional area was calculated using Arc Gis 10. We provide a description of typical habitats in every region of Dagestan: in the Lowland part and in three physiographic regions of mountain Dagestan: Extramountain (foothill), Intramountain and Alpine (highmountain) regions characterized by diversity and mosaic of landscapes.


Sauria; agamid lizards; Paralaudakia caucasia; Dagestan; distribution; habitats

Full Text:



Alekperov A. M. (1978), Amphibians and Reptiles of Azerbaijan, Elm, Baku [in Russian].

Ananjeva N. B. and Atajev Ch. (1984), «Stellio caucasica triannulatus — a new subspecies of the Caucasian Agama from South-Western Turkmenia», Trudy Zool. Inst. AN SSSR, 124, 4 – 11 [in Russian].

Ananjeva N. B. and Kalyabina-Hauf S. A. (2006), «On the problems of the rock agamas of Laudakia caucasia-complex (Agamidae, Sauria)», Curr. Res. Herpetol., 5/6, 5 – 17.

Ananjeva N. B. and Orlova V. F. (1979), «Distribution and geographic variability of Agama caucasia (Eichwald, 1831)», Trudy Zool. Inst. AN SSSR, 89, 4 – 17 [in Russian].

Ananjeva N. B. and Tuniev B. S. (1994), «Some aspects of historical biogeography of Asian rock agamids», Russ. J. Herpetol., 1(1), 37 – 41.

Ananjeva N. B., Golynsky E. A., Hosseinian Yousefkhani S. S., and Masroor R. (2014), «Distribution and Environmental Suitability of the Smallscaled Rock Agama, Paralaudakia microlepis (Sauria: Agamidae) in the Iranian Plateau», Asian Herpetol. Res., 5(3), 161 – 167.

Ananjeva N. B., Orlov N. L., Khalikov R. G., Darevsky I. S., Ryabov S. A., and Barabanov A. V. (2006), An Atlas of the Reptiles of Northern Eurasia: Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status. Pensoft Series Faunistica No. 47, Pensoft Publishers, Sofia.

Anderson S. C. (1999), «The lizards of Iran», in: Contrib. Herpetol. Vol. 15, Soc. Study of Amph. Rept., St. Louis.

Arakelyan M. S., Danielyan F. D., Corti C., Sindaco R.,and Leviton A. E. (2011), Herpetofauna of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh, Soc. Study of Amph. Rept., Salt Lake City.

Atayev Ch. (1985), Reptiles of the Mountain Turkmenistan, Ylym, Ashkhabad [in Russian].

Atayev Z. V. (2012), «Landscapes of the North-Eastern Caucasus: spatial differentiation and anthropogenic transformation», Molod. Uchenyi, 8, 65 – 68 [in Russian].

Baig K. J., Wagner P., Ananjeva N. B., and Böhme W. (2012), «A morphology-based taxonomic revision of Laudakia Gray, 1845 (Squamata: Agamidae)», Vertebr. Zool., 62(2), 213 – 260.

Chilikina L. N. and Shiffers E. V. (1962), Vegetation Map of Dagestan ASSR, Izd. AN SSSR, Moscow [in Russian].

Clark R. (1990), «A report on herpetological observations in Afghanistan», Br. Herpetol. Soc. Bull., 33, 20 – 42.

Fedina A. E. (1963), «The basic patterns of landscape differentiation of mountain Dagestan and their impact on the economic use of the territory», in: Questions Landscape Science, Izd. AN KazSSR, Alma-Ata, pp. 35 – 49 [in Russian].

Fedorov P. V. (1957), «The stratigraphy of Quaternary deposits and the development of the Caspian Sea», Trudy Geol. Inst. AN SSSR, 10, 1 – 297 [in Russian].

Galushko A. I. (1978), Flora of the Northern Caucasus. The Field Guide. Vol. I, Izd. RGU, Rostov-on-Don [in Russian].

Grossgeim A. A. (1949), The Field Guide of the Plants of the Caucasus, Sov. Nauka, Moscow [in Russian].

Gulisashvili V. Z., Makhtadze L. B., and Prilipko L. I. (1975), The Vegetation of the Caucasus, Nauka, Moscow [in Russian].

Gurlev A. I. (1972), The Landscape Zones of Dagestan, Daguchpedgiz, Makhachkala [in Russian].

Hosseinian S., Saeed S., Ficetola G. F, Rastegar-Pouyani N., Ananjeva N. B., Rastegar-Pouyani E., and Masroo R. (2013), «Environmental Suitability and Distribution of the Caucasian Rock Agama, Paralaudakia caucasia (Sauria: Agamidae) in Western and Central Asia», Asian Herpetol. Res., 4(3), 207 – 213.

Khonjakina Z. P. (1964), Lizards of Dagestan. Author’s Abstract of Doctoral Thesis, Makhachkala [in Russian].

Khonjakina Z. P. (1965), «Biology of the Caucasian agama of Dagestan», in: Questions of Physiology, Biochemistry, Zoology, and Parasitology, pp. 126 – 134 [in Russian].

Macey J. R., Schulte II G. A., Ananjeva N. B., Larson A., Rastegar-Pouyani N., Shammakov S. M., and Papenfuss T. J. (1998), «Phylogenetic relationships among Agamid lizards of the Laudakia caucasia species group: testing hypotheses of biogeographic fragmentation and an area cladogram for the Iranian plateau», Mol. Phylogen. Evol., 10(1), 118 – 131.

Murtazaliev R. A. (2009), Conspect of the Flora of Dagestan. Vols. 1 – 3, Makhachkala, Épokha [in Russian].

Muskhelishvili T. A. (1970), Reptiles of the Eastern Georgia, Mzniereba, Tbilisi [in Russian].

Panov E. N., Zykova L. Y., Gauzer M. E., and Vasilyev V. I. (1987), «The intergradation zone for different forms of the Stellio caucasius complex in the south-western Turkmenia», Zool. Zh., 66(3), 402 – 411 [in Russian].

Panov E. N. and Zykova L. Yu. (2016), Rock Agamas of Eurasia, KMK, Moscow.

Roitberg E. S. and Mazanayeva L. F. (1995), «New data on distribution of rare species of amphibians and reptiles in Dagestan», in: Proc. of the XIII Sci.-Pract. Conf. on Environmental Protection in Dagestan, Makhachkala, 57 – 58 [in Russian].

Roitberg E. S., Mazanaeva L. F., Ilyina E. V., and Orlova V. F. (2000), «Die Echsen Dagestans (Nordkaukasus, Russland): Artenliste und aktuelle Verbreitungsdaten (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae, Agamidae, Anguidae, Scincidae und Lacertidae)», Faunist. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkunde, 22(8), 97 – 118.

Saidov K. C. (2012), «About new finds of the Caucasian Agama (Laudakia caucasica Eichwald, 1831) in Tajikistan», Dokl. AN Tadzikistana, 55(1), 64 – 68 [in Russian].

Sindaco R. and Jeremčenko V. K. (2008), The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Vol. 1. Annotated Checklist and Distributional Atlas of the Turtles, Crocodiles, Amphisbaenians and Lizards of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia, Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy).

Shibanov N. V. (1935), «Materials on the fauna of reptiles of Dagestan», Trudy Gos. Zool. Muz. MGU, 2, 63 – 68 [in Russian].

Shiffers E. V. (1946), «Natural feed vegetation of mountain Dagestan», in: Agriculture of Dagestan, Izd. AN SSSR, Moscow – Leningrad, pp. 271 – 300 [in Russian].

Shiffers E. V. (1953), Vegetation of the North Caucasus and Its Natural Forage Grounds, Izd. AN SSSR, Moscow [in Russian].

Tuniyev B. S., Orlov N. L., Ananjeva N. B., and Agasian A. L. (2009), Snakes of Caucasus: Taxonomical Diversity, Distribution, Conservation, KMK, St. Petersburg – Moscow [in Russian].

Jarovenko E. V. (2005), Particular Qualities of the Flora of Narattyubinsky Ridge of Dagestan as a Transit Zone. Author’s Abstract of Doctoral Thesis, Makhachkala [in Russian].



  • There are currently no refbacks.

You can subscribe to the print or electronic version of the journal on the site of EastView Company. If you have any questions, please write to the email