Preliminary Comparison of File-Eared Tree Frogs, Polypedates otilophus (Boulenger, 1893) (Anura: Rhacophoridae) from Java and Other Sundaic Islands, Indonesia

Awal Riyanto, Mirza D. Kusrini, M. I. Lubis, Boby Darmawan


Recently discovered “file-eared tree frogs,” Polypedates otilophus (Boulenger, 1893) from Telaga Sunyi, Batur-Raden, Central Java, and Salak mountain, West Java, are compared with specimens from Sumatra and Borneo. Our comparison of color pattern and skin texture showed that specimens from Java are more similar to those from Sumatra than to those from Borneo. According to our morphometric analysis, differences in body proportions among frogs from the three islands are not statistically significant.


Anura; Rhacophoridae; Polypedates otilophus; Java; Sumatra; Borneo

Full Text:



Das I. (2005), «New species of Polypedates (Anura: Rhacophoridae) from Gunung Murud, Sarawak (Northwestern Borneo)», Raffles Bull. Zool., 53 (2), 265 – 270.

Frost D. R. (ed.) (1985), Amphibian Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic References, Allen Press, Kansas.

Frost D. R., Grant T., Faivovich J., Bain R. H., Haas A., Haddad C. F. B., de Sá R. O., Channing A., Wilkinson M., Donnellan S. C., Raxworthy C. J., Campbell L. A., Blotto B. L., Moler P., Drewes R. C., Nussbaum R. A., Lynch J. D., Green D. M., and Wheeler W. C. (2006), «The amphibian tree of life», Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297, 1 – 370.

Inger R. F. (1966), «The systematic and zoogeography of the Amphibians of Borneo», Fieldiana Zool. New. Ser., 52, 1 – 402.

Inger R. F. and Stuebing R. B. (2005), Field Guide to the Frogs of Borneo. Vol. II, Natural History Publisher (Borneo), Kinabalu.

Iskandar D. T. (1998), The Amphibians of Java and Bali, Research and Development Centre for Biology – LIPI – GEF – Biodiversity Collection Project, Bogor.

Iskandar D. T. and Colijn E. (2000), «Preliminary checklist of Southeast Asian and New Guinean herpetofauna. I. Amphibians», Treubia, 31(3), 1 – 133.

Kurniati H., Crampton A., Goodwin A., Lockett A., and Sinkins S. (2001), «Herpetofauna diversity of Ujung Kulon National Park», Hayati, 6(2), 113 – 128.

Kurniati H. (2002), «Frogs and toads of Ujung Kulon, Gunung Halimun and Gede-Pangrango National Park», Berita Biol., 6(1), 75 – 84.

Kurniati H. (2003), Amphibians and Reptiles of Gunung Halimun National Park West Java, Indonesia, Research Centre for Biology – LIPI and Nagao Natural Environment Foundation – NEF, Bogor.

Liem D. S. S. (1971), «The frogs and toads of Tjibodas National Park, Mt. Gede, Java, Indonesia», Phil. J. Sci., 100(4), 131 – 160.

Kamsi M. (2003), Panduan Lapangan Amfibi Kawasan Ecosystem Leuser, The Gibbon Foundation and PILI – NGO Movement, Bogor.

Mumpuni (2001), «Keanekaragaman Herpetofauna Di Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun, Jawa Barat», Berita Biol., 5(6), 711 – 720.

van Kampen P. N. (1923), The Amphibians of the Indo-Australian Archipelago, E. J. Brill., Leiden.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

You can subscribe to the print or electronic version of the journal on the site of EastView Company. If you have any questions, please write to the email