Morphology of Peripheral Blood Cells from Some Lacertid Lizards from Turkey

Hüseyin Arıkan, Bayram Göçmen, Mehmet Zülfü Yildiz, Çetin Ilgaz, Yusuf Kumlutaş


The present study is on the morphologies and sizes of peripheral blood cells (erythrocytes, leukocytes, and thrombocytes) on blood smears, stained with Wright’s stain, in some lacertid lizards species [Apathya cappadocica (Werner, 1902), Acanthodactylus boskianus (Daudin, 1802), Acanthodactylus harranensis Baran et al. 2005, Anatolacerta danfordi (Günther, 1876), Darevskia praticola (Eversmann, 1834), D. uzzelli (Darevsky and Danielyan, 1977), D. valentini (Boettger, 1892), Parvilacerta parva (Boulenger, 1887), Lacerta pamphylica Schmidtler, 1975, L. trilineata Bedriaga, 1886, L. viridis (Laurenti, 1768), Ophisops elegans Menetries, 1832, Mesalina brevirostris Blanford, 1876, Podarcis muralis (Laurenti, 1768), P. sicula (Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1810), Timon princeps (Blanford, 1874)] from Turkey. As a result of our survey, it was determined that the blood cells of the investigated species are shows significant variations in sizes and of leukocytes, agranulocytic leukocytes (lymphocytes and monocytes) are present as predominant cells. Moreover, of granulocytes, neutrophils were no observed in A. danfordi, D. praticola, D. uzzelli, and P. parva.


Lacertidae; blood cell morphology; blood smears; Wright’s stain

Full Text:



Altman P. L. and Dittmer D. S. (1961), Blood and Other Body Fluids, Fed. Am. Soc. Exp. Biol., Washington.

Arıkan H., Kumlutaş Y., Türkozan O., Baran İ., and Ilgaz Ç. (2004), «The morphology and size of blood cells of some viperid snakes from Turkey», Amphibia–Reptilia, 25, 465 – 470.

Arıkan H., Göçmen B., Atatür M. K., Kumlutaş Y., and Çiçek K. (in press), «Morphology of peripheral blood cells from various Turkish snakes», Biologia.

Atatür K. M., Arıkan H., Çevik İ. E., and Mermer A. (2001), «Erythrocyte measurements of some scincids from Turkey», Tur. J. Zool., 25, 149 – 152.

Canfield P. J. and Shea G. M. (1988), «Morphological observations on the erythrocytes leukocytes and thrombocytes of blue tongue lizards (Lacertilia: Scincidae: Tiliqua)», Anat. Histol. Embryol., 17, 328 – 342.

Cannon M. S., Freed D. A., and Freed P. S. (1996), «The leukocytes of the roughtail gecko Cryptopodion: a bright-field and phase-contrast study», Anat. Histol. Embryol., 25, 11 – 14.

Duguy R. (1970), «Numbers of blood cells and their variation», in: C. Gans and T. S. Parsons (eds.), Biology of Reptilia. Vol. 3, Acad. Press, New York, pp. 93 – 109.

Foxon G. E. H. (1964), «Blood and Respiration», in: J. Moore (ed.), A Physiology of the Amphibia, Acad. Press, New York, pp. 151 – 209.

Gulliver G. (1840), «On the blood corpuscles of the Crocodilia», Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 8, 131 – 133.

Gulliver G. (1842), «On the blood corpuscles of the British ophidians reptiles and other oviparous vertebrates», Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 10, 108 – 111.

Gulliver G. (1875), «Observations on the sizes and shapes of the red corpuscles of the blood of the vertebrates with drawings of them to a uniform scale and extended and revised tables of measurements», Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 43, 474 – 495.

Hartman F. A. and Lessler M. A. (1964), «Erythrocyte measurements in fishes, amphibians and reptiles», Biol. Bull., 126, 83 – 88.

Hutchison V. H. and Szarski H. (1965), «Number of erythrocytes in some amphibians and reptiles», Copeia, 1965(3), 373 – 375.

Jordan H. E. (1938), «Comparative hematology (Reptilia)», in: H. Downey (ed.), Handbook of Hematology, Hoeber, New York, pp. 776 – 788.

Leowenthal N. (1928), «Etude sur les globules blanes du sang dans la séries des Vertébres. Reptiles», Arc. Anat., 8, 255 – 273.

Leowenthal N. (1930), «Nouvelles observations sur les globules blanes du sang chez les animaux Vertébres. Reptiles», Arc. Anat., 11, 283 – 279.

MacLean G. S., Lee S. K., and Wilson K. F. (1973), «A simple method of obtaining blood from lizards», Copeia, 1973(2), 338 – 339.

Ryerson D. L. (1949), «A preliminary survey of reptilian blood», J. Ent. Zool., 41, 49 – 55.

Saint Girons M. C. and Saint Girons H. (1969), «Contribution à la morphologie comparée des érythrocytes chez les reptiles», Br. J. Herpetol., 4, 67 – 82.

Saint Girons M. C. (1970), «Morphology of the circulating blood cells», in: C. Gans and T. S. Parsons (eds.), Biology of Reptilia. Vol. 3. Morphology C, Acad. Press, pp. 73 – 91.

Sevinç M., Uğurtaş İ. H., and Yıldırımhan H. S. (2000), «Erythrocyte measurements in Lacerta rudis (Reptilia Lacertidae)», Tur. J. Zool., 24, 207 – 209.

Sevinç M. and Uğurtaş İ. H. (2001), «The morphology and size of blood cells of Lacerta rudis bithynica (Squamata: Reptilia) Turkey», Asiatic Herpetol. Res., 9, 122 – 129.

Szarski H. and Czopek G. (1966), «Erythrocyte diameter in some amphibians and reptiles», Bull. Acad. Pol. Sci. Cl. II Sér. Sci. Biol., 14, 433 – 437.

Szarski H. (1968), «Evolution of cell size in lower vertebrates,», in: A. S. Romer (ed.), Current Problems of Lower Vertebrate Phylogeny, Interscience (Wiley), pp. 445 – 453.

Taylor K. and Kaplan H. M. (1961), «Light microscopy of the blood cells of pseudemyd turtles», Herpetologica, 17, 186 – 196.

Werzberg A. (1910), «Über Blutplättchen und Thrombocyten ihre Beziehungen zu Erthrocyten und Lymphozyten nebst einem Anhang Über die Erythrogenese», Folia Haematol., 10(2), 301.

Wintrobe M. M. (1933), «Variations in the size and haemoglobin concentration of erythrocytes in the blood of various vertebrates», Folia Haematol., 51, 32 – 49.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

You can subscribe to the print or electronic version of the journal on the site of EastView Company. If you have any questions, please write to the email