The Range Extension of Genus Chalcides Laurenti, 1768 (Reptilia: Scincidae) to Sri Lanka

D. M. S. Suranjan Karunarathna, L. J. M. Wickramasinghe, V. A. P. Samarawickrama, D. A. I. Munindradasa


Sri Lanka has 31 skink species belonging to seven genera. We describe here the first record of the genus Chalcides in the Island. The genus Chalcides is currently distributed from Europe to India. This work reports a range extension of this genus to Sri Lanka.


Chalcides; range extension; Scincid lizards; Sri Lanka; taxonomy

Full Text:



Ashton M., Gunatileke C. V. S., De Zoysa N., Dassanayake M. D., Gunatileke N., and Wijesundara S. (1997), A Field Guide to the Common Trees and Shrubs of Sri Lanka, Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo.

Bambaradeniya C. N. B. (2001), «Threatened herpetofauna of Sri Lanka», in: Bambaradeniya C. N. B. and Samarasekara V. N. (eds.), An Overview of the Threatened Herpetofauna of South Asia, IUCN Sri Lanka and Asia Regional Biodiversity Programme, Colombo, Sri Lanka, pp. 91 – 101.

Batuwita S. and Pethiyagoda R. (2007), «Description of a new species of Sri Lankan litter skink (Squamata: Scincidae)», Ceylon J. Sci., 36(2), 80 – 87.

Boulenger G. A. (1890), The Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia, Taylor and Francis, London.

Chamikara S. S. and Sumanarathna B. S. (1999), Aduragala kanda hewath Mayura handu kanda. Parisara Sangrahaya [Aduragala Mountain Also Known as Mayura Handu Kanda. Parisara Sangrahaya] (August – December), Soc. for Env. Education [in Sinhala].

Caputo V., Sorice M., and Crescimbeni L. (1999), «A molecular taxonomy of some Mediterranean scincid lizards, genus Chalcides Laurenti, 1768 (Reptilia, Scincidae)», Russ. J. Herpetol., 6, 23 — 32.

Das I. (1994), «The reptiles of South Asia: checklist and distribution summery», Hamadryad, 19, 15 – 40.

Das I. (2001), «Biodiversity and biogeography of the herpetofauna of Southern Asia», in: Bambaradeniya C. N. B. and Samarasekara V. N. (eds.), An Overview of the Threatened Herpetofauna of South Asia, IUCN Sri Lanka and Asia Regional Biodiversity Programme, Colombo, Sri Lanka, pp. 1 – 38.

Das I. and de Silva A. (2005), Snakes and Other Reptiles of Sri Lanka, New Holland Publishers.

Das I., de Silva S., and Austin C.C. (2008), "A new species of Eutropis (Squamata: Scincidae) from Sri Lanka," Zootaxa, 1700, 35 – 52.

de Silva A. (1994), «An introduction to the herpetofauna of Sri Lanka», Lyriocephalus, 1(1 – 2), 3 – 19.

de Silva A. (1995), «The herpetofauna of Sri Lanka, checklist and common names. Part 1. Testudines, Crocodylia and Lacertilia», Lyriocephalus, 2(1 – 2), 26 – 27.

de Silva A. (1996), The Herpetofauna of Sri Lanka: a Brief Review, Published by author.

de Silva A. (2006), «Current status of the Reptiles of Sri Lanka», in: Bambaradeniya C. N. B. (ed.), Fauna of Sri Lanka: Status of Taxonomy, Research and Conservation, IUCN Sri Lanka, pp. 134 – 163.

Deraniyagala P. E. P. (1953), A Colored Atlas of Some Vertebrates from Ceylon. Vol. 2. Tetrapod Reptilia, National Museums of Sri Lanka, Colombo.

Ferguson W. M. (1877), Reptile Fauna of Ceylon. Letter on a Collection Sent to the Colombo Museum, Government Printer, Colombo, Ceylon.

Gans C. (1995), «New records of Skinks from Sri Lanka», Lyriocephalus, 2(1 – 2), 21 – 24.

Goonatilake W. L. D. P. T. S. de A., Yapa W. B., Jayatunga Y. N. A., and Ratnasooriya W. D. (1999). «Range extension of the red-throat litter skink, Sphenomorphus rufogulus», Loris, 22(2), 10.

Goonewardene S., Drake J., and de Silva A. (2006), The Herpetofauna of the Knuckles Range. Project Knuckles 2004 and 2005: University of Edinburgh Research Expedition, Amphibia and Reptile Res. Organization of Sri Lanka, pp. 61 – 70.

Greenbaum E., Campbell A. C., and Raxworthy C. J. (2006), «A revision of Sub-Saharan Chalcides (Squamata: Scincidae), with redescription of two east African species», Herpetologica, 62(1), 71 – 89.

Greer A. E. (1991), «Lankascincus, a new genus of Scincid Lizards from Sri Lanka with descriptions of three new species», J. Herpetol., 25(1), 59 – 64.

Greer A. E., Caputo V., Lanza B., and Palmieri R. (1998), «Observations on limb reduction in the Scincid lizard genus Chalcides», J. Herpetol., 32, 244 – 252.

Gunatileke I. A. U. N. and Gunatileke C. V. S. (1990), «Distribution of floristic richness and its conservation in Sri Lanka», Conserv. Biol., 4(1), 21 – 31.

Günther A. C. L. G. (1864), The Reptiles of British India, Arment Biological Press, Landisville, PA (Reprint 2000).

IUCN/FAO (1997), Designing an Optimum Protected Areas System for Sri Lankas Natural Forest. Vol. 2, IUCN and FAO, Sri Lanka.

IUCN Sri Lanka (2000), The 1999 Red List Threatened Fauna and Flora of Sri Lanka, IUCN Sri Lanka.

IUCN and MENR (The World Conservation Union Sri Lanka and The Ministry of Environmental and Natural Resources) (2007), The 2007 National Red List of Threatened Fauna and Flora of Sri Lanka, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Ministry of Forestry and Environment (1999), Biodiversity Conservation in Sri Lanka: A Framework of Action, Ministry of Forestry and Environment, Sri Lanka (Reprint 2005).

Pasteur G. (1981), «A survey of the species groups of the Old-World Scincid genus Chalcides», J. Herpetol., 15, 1 – 16.

Smith M. A. (1935), The Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. 1. Sauria, Taylor and Francis, London.

Somasekaran T. (1988), The National Atlas of Sri Lanka, Surveys Department of Sri Lanka.

Taylor E. H. (1950), «Ceylon lizards of the family Scincidae», Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 33(2), 481 – 518.

Taylor E. H. (1953), «A review of the lizards of Ceylon», Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35(2), 1537 – 1542.

Wickramasinghe L. J. M., Rodrigo R., Dayawansa N., and Jayantha U. L. D. (2007), «Two new species of Lankascincus (Squamata: Scincidae) from Sripada Sanctuary (Peak Wilderness) in Sri Lanka», Zootaxa, 1612, 1 – 24.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

You can subscribe to the print or electronic version of the journal on the site of EastView Company. If you have any questions, please write to the email