Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Distribution and Potential Introduction of the Flat-Tailed House Gecko, Hemidactylus platyurus (Schneider, 1792) (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae)

Anatoly S. Chulisov, E. L. Konstantinov, N. B. Ananjeva, N. V. Kulabukhov


The work analyzes the recent range of Hemidactylus platyurus, which covers most of the Oriental biogeographic region and the zone of introduction during the late 20th century in Florida, USA. A GIS model for this widespread species, which was constructed using the Maxent method based on bioclimatic variables and altitude data, is proposed. The model is in good agreement with the previously known range. The most valuable parameters in this model are four bioclimatic factors (temperature seasonality (39.3%), precipitation in the warmest quarter of the year (31.1%), average daily temperature difference (18.8%) and seasonality of precipitation (8.1%)), which made the largest contribution (97.3%). The analysis of the overlap of ecological niches and recent ranges confirms the sympatric relationship of H. platyurus with H. frenatus, H. garnotii, and H. brookii. This forecast allows us to assess the potential territories for the expansion of H. platyurus to other continents.


Hemidactylus platyurus; Maxent; ecological niches; sympatric species; bioclimatic parameters; distribution; potential introduction; R Programming

Full Text:



Callaway Z., Thomas A., Melrose W., Buttner P., and Speare R. (2011), «Salmonella virchow and Salmonella weltevreden in a random survey of the Asian house gecko Hemidactylus frenatus in houses in Northern Australia», Vector-Borne Zoon Dis., 11, 621 – 625.

Cobos M. E., Peterson A. T., Barve N., and Osorio-Olvera L. (2019), «Kuenm: an R package for detailed development of ecological niche models using Maxent», PeerJ, 7, e6281.

Das A., Saikia U, Murthy B. H. C. K., Dey S., and Dutta S. K. (2009), «A herpetofaunal inventory of Barail wildlife sanctuary and adjacent regions, Assam, North-Eastern India», Hamadryad, 34(1), 117 – 134.

Didham R. K., Tylianakis J. M., Hutchison M. A., Ewers R. M., and Gemmell N. J. (2005), «Are invasive species the drivers of ecological change?» Trends Ecol. Evol., 20, 470 – 474.

Doronin I. V. (2015), «Distribution data of Rock lizards from the Darevskia (praticola) complex (Sauria: Lacertidae)», Curr. Stud. Herpetol., 15(1/2), 3 – 38 [in Russian]. (2021),

Hallermann J., Ananjeva N. B., and Orlov N. L. (2001), «On a remarkable collection of reptiles and amphibians collected by the German Indian expedition 1955 – 1958», Russ. J. Herpetol., 8(1), 59 – 68.

Harikrishnan S., Chandramouli S. R., and Vasudevan K. (2012), «A survey of herpetofauna on Long Island, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India», Herpetol. Bull., 119, 19 – 28.

Hoskin C. J. (2011), «The invasion and potential impact of the Asian house gecko Hemidactylus frenatus in Australia», Austral. Ecol., 36, 240 – 251.

Kukushkin O. V., Doronin I. V., Tuniyev B. S., Ananjeva N. B., and Doronina M. A. (2017), «Introduction of Amphibians and Reptiles at the Caucasus and the Crimea: an Overview and Some Actual Data», Curr. Stud. Herpetol., 17(3), 157 – 197 [in Russian].

Leaché A. (2005), «Results of a herpetological survey in Ghana and a new country record», Herpetol. Rev., 36, 16 – 19.

Litvinchuk S. N. (2017), «Distribution and conservation status of the banded newt, Ommatotriton ophryticus (Amphibia: Caudata)», Nat. Conserv. Res., 2(1), 33 – 39.

Meshaka W. E., Jr. and Lewis J. (1994), «Cosymbotus platyurus in Florida: ten years of stasis», Herpetol. Rev., 25(3), 127.

Naimi B., Hamm N., Groen T. A., Skidmore A. K., and Toxopeus A. G. (2014), «Where is positional uncertainty a problem for species distribution modelling», Ecography, 37, 191 – 203.

Nielsen S., Jairam R., Ouboter P., and Noonan B. (2013), «A herpetofaunal survey of the Grensgebergte and Kasikasima regoins, Suriname», in: A Rapid Biological Assessment of the Upper Palumeu River Watershed (Grensgebergte and Kasikasima) of Southeastern Suriname, pp. 131 – 144.

Ota H. (1989), «A review of the geckos (Lacertilia: Reptilia) of the Ryukyu Archipelago and Taiwan», in: Matsui M., Hikida T., Goris R. C. (eds.), Current Herpetology in East Asia. Proc. of the Second Japan-China Herpetological Symp. Kyoto, pp. 222 – 261.

Petren K. and Case T. J. (1996), «An experimental demonstration of exploitation competition in an ongoing invasion», Ecology, 77, 118 – 132.

Purkayastha J. (2018), «Urban biodiversity: an insight into the terrestrial vertebrate diversity of Guwahati, India», J. Threatened Taxa, 10(10), 12299 – 12316.

Robbie W. and Vetter K. C. (2018), «Invasive house geckos (Hemidactylus spp.): their current, potential and future distribution», Curr. Zool., 64, 559 – 573.

Rout S., Baruah B., Mishra N., and Panda T. (2016), «Diversity of herpetofaunal community in Kuldiha wildlife sanctuary, Odisha, India», Curr. Life Sci., 2(1), 9 – 14.

Rödder D., Solé M., and Böhme W. (2008), «Predicting the potential distributions of two alien invasive Housegeckos (Gekkonidae: Hemidactylus frenatus, Hemidactylus mabouia)», North-Western J. Zool., 4(2), 236 – 246.

Šmíd J., Carranza S., Kratochvíl L., Gvoždík V., Nasher A. K., and Moravec J. (2013), «Out of Arabia: A Complex Biogeographic History of Multiple Vicariance and Dispersal Events in the Gecko Genus Hemidactylus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae)», PLoS ONE, 8(5), e64018.

Uetz P., Freed P., and Hošek J. (eds.) (2022), The Reptile Database, Accessed May 25, 2022.

Warren D. L., Glor R. E., and Turelli M. (2008), «Environmental niche equivalency versus conservatism: Quantitative approaches to niche evolution», Evolution, 62, 2868 – 2883.

Warren D. L., Glor R. E., and Turelli M. (2010), «ENMTools: A toolbox for comparative studies of environmental niche models», Ecography, 33, 607 – 611.

Warren D. L., Matzke N., Cardillo M., Baumgartner J., Beaumont L., Huron N., Simőes M., Teresa L. I., and Dinnage R. (2019), ENMTools (Software Package), http:// DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3268814



  • There are currently no refbacks.

You can subscribe to the print or electronic version of the journal on the site of EastView Company. If you have any questions, please write to the email