New Data on the Distribution of Eastern Spadefoot, Pelobates syriacus Boettger, 1889, and Common Spadefoot, Pelobates fuscus, Laurenti, 1768, in Dagestan (The North Caucasus)

Lyudmila F. Mazanaeva, Azim D. Askenderov


As a result of our study the new data on distribution of P. fuscus and P. syriacus in lowland of northern and southern Dagestan (Terek-Kuma rivers and Terek-Sulak rivers lowlands, Caspian Sea lowland) and in foothills were obtained. All reliable data on their distribution in Dagestan, including new localities, are presented on the map.


Pelobates; Pelobates syriacus; Pelobates fuscus; distribution; habitats; Dagestan; North Caucasus

Full Text:



Alekperov A. M. (1961), «Date on the distribution and life mode of Eastern Spadefoot (Pelobates syriacus Boettger) in the Azerbaijan», Uch. Zap. AzGU, No. 3, 33 – 34 [in Russian].

Alekperov A. M. (1978), Zemnovodnyye i Presmykayushchiesya Azerbaidzhana [Amphibians and Reptiles in Azerbaijan], Elm, Baku [in Russian].

Ananjeva N. B., Borkin L. Ya., Darevsky I. S., and Orlov N. L. (1998), Éntsiklopediya Prirody Rossii: Zemnovodnye i Presmykayushchiyesya [Encyclopedia of Nature of Russia: Amphibians and Reptiles], ABF, Moscow [in Russian].

Ananjeva N. B. and Nikitin V. B. (1977), «On the record of Eastern Spadefoot in the north-eastern Azerbaijan», in: Problems of Herpetology, Leningrad, Issue 9 [in Russian].

Boettger O. (1899), «Reptilia et Batrachia», in: Radde G. I. (ed.), The Collection of Museum Caucasicum, Tiflis. Vol. 1. Zoology, pp. 273 – 293. [in Russian].

Dinesman L. G. and Kalezkaya M. L. (1952), Metody Kolichestvennogo Ucheta Amphibiy i Reptiliy — Metody Ucheta Chislennosti i Geographicheskogo Rasprostraneniya Nazemnykh Pozvonochnykh [Methods of Quantitative Census of Amphibians and Reptiles — Methods of Census of Number and Geographic Distribution of the Terrestrial Vertebrates], Izd. AN SSSR, Moscow [in Russian].

Kuzmin S. L. (1999), Zemnovodnye Byvshego SSSR [Amphibians of the Former USSR], KMK, Moscow [in Russian].

Kryuchkov B. P. (1960), «The role of anuran larvae in different water bodies of Azerbaijan and Southern Dagestan», Uch. Zap. AzGU, No. 1, 61 – 64 [in Russian].

Nikolsky A. M. (1913), Presmykayushchiyesya i Zemnovodnye Kavkaza [Reptiles and Amphibians of Caucasus], Tiflis [in Russian].

Nikolsky A. M. (1918), Amphibians, Petrograd.

Leontjeva O. A. (1986), «On the record of Pelobates syriacus Boettger in Southern Dagestan», in: Herpetological Research in the Caucasus, Leningrad, pp. 186 – 187 [in Russian].

Mazanaeva L. F. (2000), «The distribution of Amphibians in Dagestan», Adv. Amphibian Res. Former Soviet Union, 5, 145 – 156.

Satunin K. A. (1912), Zhivotnyi Mir Mugani. Muganskaya step’ [Animal World of Mugan. Mugan steppe], Vol. 3, Izd. Upoln. Glavn. Upravl. na Kavkaze, Tiflis [in Russian].

Sobolevsky N. I. (1929), «The herpetofauna of the Talysh and the Lenkoran lowland», Mem. Sect. Zool. Soc. Amis de Sci. Nat., d’Anthropol. at d’ Ethnogr. Moscow, 5, 1 – 143 [in Russian].

Tarkhnishvili D. N. (1996), «The distribution and ecology of the amphibians of Georgia and the Caucasus: a biogeographic analysis», Z. Feldherpetol., 3, 167 – 196.

Tarkhnishvili D. N. and Gokhelashvili R. K. (1999), «The amphibians of the Caucasus», Adv. Amphibian Res. Former Soviet Union, 4.

Tochiev T. Y. (1987), «On the batrachofauna of Chechen-Ingush ASSR», in: Problemy Regional’noy Fauny i Ékologii Zhivotnykh [Problems of Regional Fauna and Ecology of Animals], Stavropol’, pp. 72 – 76 [in Russian].

Vysotin A. G. and Tertyshnikov M. F. (1988), «Amphibians of the Stavropol Region», in: Zhivotnyy Mir Predkavkaz’ya i Sopredel’nykh Territoriy [Animal World of Ciscaucasia and Adjacent Territories], Stavropol’, pp. 87 – 121 [in Russian].

Omarov K. Z. (1999), «On distribution of Common Spadefoot in Dagestan», in: Proc. of the 15th Sci. Conf. on Environmental Protection in Dagestan, Makhachkala, pp. 108 – 109 [in Russian].

Khonykina Z. P. (1967), Fauna of Dagestan. Handbook for Students, Makhachkala, pp. 24 – 28 [in Russian].

Red Data Book of the Republic of Dagestan (1989) [in Russian].

Zander A. (1895), «Reptilien und Amphibien aus Beljasuwar, Lenkoran und Talych», Korr. Naturf.-Vereins Riga, XXXVIII.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

You can subscribe to the print or electronic version of the journal on the site of EastView Company. If you have any questions, please write to the email