Two New Species of Acanthosaura Gray, 1831 (Reptilia: Agamidae) from Yunnan Province, China

Shuo Liu, Dingqi Rao, Mian Hou, Nikolai L. Orlov, Natalia Borisovna Ananjeva, Dongru Zhang


Two new species of the genus Acanthosaura Gray, 1831, previously identified as A. lepidogaster (Cuvier, 1829), are described from Yunnan Province, China, based on morphological and genetic data. The first new species from Jiangcheng County, southern Yunnan, is characterized by having very long tail in males and the second new species from most parts of southwestern Yunnan is characterized by having obvious bright red lips in males and fewer nuchal crest scales. Genetically, uncorrected sequence divergences of COI between the two new species and investigated congeners ranged from 5.5 to 21.6%.


Acanthosaura lepidogaster complex; morphology; COI; phylogenetics; taxonomy

Full Text:



Ananjeva N. B., Orlov N. L., and Kalyabina-Hauf S. A. (2008), «Species of Acanthosaura Gray, 1831 (Agamidae: Sauria, Reptilia) of Vietnam: results of Molecular and Morphological study», Biol. Bull., 35(2), 178 – 186.

Ananjeva N. B., Orlov N. L., Nguyen T. T., and Ryabov S. A. (2011), «A new species of Acanthosaura (Agamidae, Sauria) from northwest Vietnam», Russ. J. Herpetol., 18(3), 195 – 202.

Ananjeva N. B., Ermakov O. A., Nguyen S. N., Nguyen T. T., Murphy R. W., Lukonina S. A., and Orlov N. L. (2020), «A new species of Acanthosaura Gray, 1831 (Squamata: Agamidae) from central highlands, Vietnam», Russ. J. Herpetol., 27(4), 217 – 230.

Brygoo E. R. (1988), «Les types d’Agamidés (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle Catalogue critique», Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. A, 10(4), suppl. 3, 1 – 56.

Cai B., Wang Y. Z., Chen Y. Y., and Li J. T. (2015), «A revised taxonomy for Chinese reptiles», Biodiv. Sci., 23(3), 365 – 382 [in Chinese with English abstract].

Che J., Chen H. M., Yang J. X., Jin J. Q., Jiang K., Yuan Z. Y., Murphy R. W., and Zhang Y. P. (2012), «Universal COI primers for DNA barcoding amphibians», Mol. Ecol. Resour., 12, 247 – 258.

Cuvier G. J. L. N. F. D. (1829), Le Règne Animal Distribué, d’après son Organisation, pur servir de base à l’Histoire naturelle des Animaux et d’introduction à l’Anatomie Comparé. Nouvelle Edition. Tome 2. Les Reptiles, Déterville, Paris.

Grismer L. L. (2011), Lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and their Adjacent Archipelagos, Edition Chimaira, Frankfürt am Main.

Kalyaanamoorthy S., Minh B. Q., Wong T. K. F., von Haeseler A., and Jermiin L. S. (2017), «ModelFinder: Fast model selection for accurate phylogenetic estimates», Nat. Methods, 14, 587 – 589.

Kalyabina-Hauf S. A., Ananjeva N. B., Joger U., Lenk P., Murphy R. W., Stuart B. L., Orlov N. L., Ho C., and Wink M. (2004), «Molecular phylogeny of the genus Acanthosaura (Agamidae)», Curr. Herpetol., 23(1), 7 – 16.

Katoh K. and Standley D. M. (2013), «MAFFT multiple sequence alignment software version 7: improvements in performance and usability», Mol. Biol. Evol., 30, 772 – 780.

Kumar S., Stecher G., Li M., Knyaz C., and Tamura K. (2018), «MEGA X: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis across computing platforms», Mol. Biol. Evol., 35, 1547 – 1549.

Li Z. C., Xiao Z., and Liu S. R. (2011), Amphibians and Reptiles of Guangdong, Guangdong science and Technology Press, Guangzhou [in Chinese].

Liu S. and Rao D. (2019), «A new species of the genus Acanthosaura from Yunnan, China (Squamata, Agamidae)», ZooKeys, 888, 105 – 132.

Liu S., Hou M., Mo M. Z., and Rao D. Q. (2020), «A new species of the genus Acanthosaura (Squamata, Agamidae) from Yunnan, China, with comments on its conservation status», ZooKeys, 959, 113 – 135.

Manthey U. (2008), Agamid Lizards of Southern Asia — Agamen des südlichen Asien — Draconinae 1. Terralog. Vol. 7a, Edition Chimaira, Frankfürt am Main.

Nguyen L., Schmidt H. A., von Haeseler A., and Minh B. Q. (2015), «IQ-TREE: a fast and effective stochastic algorithm for estimating maximum-likelihood phylogenies», Mol. Biol. Evol., 32(1), 268 – 274.

Nguyen L. T., Do D. T., Hoang H. V., Nguyen T. T., McCormack T. E. M., Nguyen T. Q., Orlov N. L., Nguyen V. D. H., and Nguyen S. N. (2018) «A new species of the genus Acanthosaura Gray, 1831 (Reptilia: Agamidae) from Central Vietnam», Russ. J. Herpetol., 25(4), 259 – 274.

Ronquist F., Teslenko M., van der M. P., Ayres D. L., Darling A., Hhna S., Larget B., Liu L., Suchard M. A., and Huelsenbeck J. P. (2012), «MrBayes 3.2: efficient Bayesian phylogenetic inference and model choice across a large model space», Syst. Biol., 61(3), 539 – 542.

Sambrook J., Fritsch E. F., and Maniatis T. (1989), Molecular Cloning: a Laboratory Manual, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, New York.

Shi H. T., Zhao E. M., and Wang L. J. (2011), Amphibian and Reptile Fauna of Hainan, Science Press, Beijing [in Chinese].

Trivalairat P., Kunya K., Chanhome L., Sumontha M., Vasaruchapong T., Chomngam N., and Chiangkul K. (2020), «Acanthosaura aurantiacrista (Squamata: Agamidae), a new long horn lizard from northern Thailand», Biodivers. Data J., 8, e48587.

Trivalairat P., Sumontha M., Kunya K., and Chiangkul K. (2022), «Acanthosaura meridiona sp. nov. (Squamata: Agamidae), a new short-horned lizard from southern Thailand», Herpetol. J., 32, 34 – 50.

Uetz P., Freed P., and Hoek J. (2022), The Reptile Database, (accessed January 20, 2022).

Yang D. T. and Rao D. Q. (2008), Amphibia and Reptilia of Yunnan, Yunnan Publishing Group Corporation, Yunnan Science and Technology Press, Kunming [in Chinese].

Zhang Y. X. (1985), «List the lizards and their ranges in Guangxi», J. Guangxi Normal Univ. Nat. Sci., 7(2), 86 – 87.

Zhang Y. X. (2009), Reptiles of Guangxi, Guangxi Normal University Press, Nanning [in Chinese].

Zhao E. M. and Adler K. (1993), Herpetology of China, SSAR, Oxford (Ohio).

Zhao E. M., Jiang Y. M., Huang Q. Y., Zhao H., Zhao K. T., Zhou K. Y., Liu Y. Z., Liu M. Y., Li D. J., and Zhang Y. X. (1999), Fauna Sinica. Reptilia 2. Squamata (Lacertilia), Science Press, Beijing [in Chinese].



  • There are currently no refbacks.

You can subscribe to the print or electronic version of the journal on the site of EastView Company. If you have any questions, please write to the email