Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A Review of Chigger Mites (Trombiculidae) Associated with Lacerta spp. (Reptilia: Lacertidae) from Caucasus and Adjacent Territory

Maria V. Orlova, Igor Vladimirovich Doronin, Marina A. Doronina, Nikolay V. Anisimov, Irina G. Dolgova


Trombiculid mites are known as vectors of larvae of Ericotrombidium caucasicum Schluger, 1967, Lacertacarus latus Schluger et Vasilieva, 1977, and Schoengastia sp. chigger mites (Acariformes: Trombiculidae) were collected from lizards Lacerta strigata and L. agilis (Reptilia: Lacertidae) in the Caucasus and adjacent territory (Iran). Our record of Ericotrombidium caucasicum in Azerbaijan is the first finding of the species in this country. Also, results of E. caucasicum on L. strigata and Lacertacarus latus on L. agilis are new host-parasite associations. Schoengastia sp. has been reported from L. strigata for the first time.


Trombiculidae; Lacerta; Ericotrombidium; Lacertacarus; Multisetosa; Neotrombicula; Schoengastia; Caucasus

Full Text:



André M. (1943), «Une espèce nouvelle de Leeuwenhoekia parasite de scorpions», Bull. Mus. Natl. d’Hist. Naturelle, 2(15), 294 – 298.

Audy J. R. (1956), «Trombiculid mites infesting birds, reptiles, and arthropods in Malaya, with a taxonomic revision, and description of a new genus, two new subgenera, and six new species», Bull. Raffles Mus., 28, 27 – 80.

Bannikov A. G., Darevsky I. S., Ishchenko V. G., Rustamov A. K., and Szczerbak N. N. (1977), Guide for Amphibians and Reptiles of Fauna of the USSR, Prosveschenie, Moscow [in Russian].

Chirov P.A. and Tranbaev Zh. M. (1992), «Ectoparasites of Siberian jerboa (Allactaga sibirica) from Kyrgyzstan», Parazitologiya, 26(3), 209 – 215 [in Russian].

Fernández-Soto P., Pérez-Sánchez R., and Encinas Grandes A. (2001), «Molecular detection of Ehrlichia phagocytophila genogroup organisms in larvae of Neotrombicula autumnalis (Acari: Trombiculidae) captured in Spain», J. Parasitol., 87, 1482 – 1483.

Frances S. P., Watcharapichat P., and Phulsuksombati D. (2001), «Vertical transmission of Orientia tsutsugamushi in two lines of naturally infected Leptotrombidium deliense (Acari: Trombiculidae)», J. Med. Entomol., 30, 17 – 21.

Gadzhiev A. T., Dubovchenko T. A., and Dzafarov G. D. (1990), «Composition of the fauna of horseshoe bat ectoparasites (Rhinolophus) on the territory of the USSR», in: V. J. II’in, P. P. Strelkov, and V. A. Rodinov (eds)., Chiroptera: Materials of the Fifth All-Union Conference on Bats (Chiroptera). All-Union Teriological Society (Leningrad branch), V. G. Belinsky Penza State Pedagogical Institute, Penza, pp. 122 – 129 [in Russian].

Gonçalves-Souza T., Giupponi A. P. L., and Hernandes F. A. (2014), «A rare finding of mites (Arachnida: Acari: Leeuwenhoekiidae) parasitizing a whip spider (Arachnida: Amblypygi: Charinidae)», Folia Parasitol., 61, 182 – 184.

Gushcha G. I. and Sklyar V. E. (1989),«Trombiculid mites from the steppe zone of south-eastern Ukraine», Parazitologiya, 23(1), 29 – 34 [in Russian].

Kampen H., Schöler A., Metzen M., Oehme R., Hartelt K., Kimmig P., and Maier W. A. (2004), «Neotrombicula autumnalis (Acari, Trombiculidae) as a vector for Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato?» Exp. Appl. Acarol., 33, 93 – 102.

Kudryashova N. I. (1998), Chigger Mites (Acariformes, Trombiculidae) of East Palaearctics, KMK Scientific Press Ltd., Moscow [in Russian].

Lakshana P. (1966), «A new species of trombiculid mite infesting scorpions in Thailand (Acarina, Trombiculidae)», J. Med. Entomol., 3, 258 – 260.

Liu D., Yi T.-C., Xu Y., and Zhang Z.-Q. (2013), «Hotspots of new species discovery: new mite species described during 2007 to 2012», Zootaxa, 3663, 1 – 102.

Lourenço W. R. (1982), «Notes sur quelques acariens parasites de scorpions», Acarologia, 23, 245 – 247.

Miťková K., Berthová L., Kalúz S., Kazimírová M., Burdová L., and Kocianová E. (2015), «First detections of Rickettsia helvetica and R. monacensis in ectoparasitic mites (Laelapidae and Trombiculidae) infesting rodents in south-western Slovakia», Parasitol. Res., 114, 2465 – 2472.

Mulyarskaya L. V. (1968), «Thrombiculids (Acariformes, Trombiculidae) of Azerbaijan», Parazitologiya, 11(2), 137 – 141 [in Russian].

Myers N., Mittermeier R. A., Mittermeier C. G., da Fonseca G. A. B., and Kent J. (2000), «Biodiversity Hotspots for Conservation Priorities», Nature, 403, 853 – 858.

Nadchatram M., Goff M. L., and Thanalukshumi P. (1980), «The genus Schoengastia (Acari: Trombiculidae) in the Asiatic-Pacific region», J. Med. Entomol., 17(3), 268 – 281.

Schluger E. G. (1967), «New trombiculid mites of the Southern European part of the USSR», Vestn. Zool., 3, 41 – 50 [in Russian].

Shluger E. G. and Vasil’eva I. S. (1977), «A new genus and two new species of chigger-mites (Trombiculidae) from lizards», Parazitologiya, 11(3), 265 – 268 [in Russian].

Sharpilo V. P. and Shur L. E. (1976), «Parasites», in: A. V. Yablokov (ed.), The Sand Lizard, Nauka, Moscow, pp. 284 – 291 [in Russian].

Shatrov A. B. and Kudryashova N. I. (2008), «Taxonomic ranking of major trombiculid subtaxa with remarks on the evolution of host-parasite relationships (Acariformes: Parasitengona: Trombiculidae)», Ann. Zool., 58(2), 279 – 287.

Stekolnikov A. A. and Daniel M. (2012), «Chigger mites (Acari: Trombiculidae) of Turkey», Zootaxa, 3216, 1 – 104.

Stekolnikov A. A., Saboori A., Shamsi M., and Hakimitabar M. (2019a), «Chigger mites (Acariformes: Trombiculidae) of Iran», Zootaxa, 4549(1), 1 – 66.

Stekolnikov A. A., Al-Ghamdi S. Q., Alagaili A. N., and Makepeace B. L. (2019b), «First data on chigger mites (Acariformes: Trombiculidae) of Saudi Arabia, with a description of four new species», Syst. Appl. Acarol., 24, 1937 – 1963.

Stekolnikov A. A., Pfliegler W. P., and Sciberras A. (2014), «Contributions to the fauna of reptilian chiggers (Acari: Trombiculidae) from the Central Mediterranean, with a description of one new species», Int. J. Acarol., 40(8), 588 – 594.

Tertyshnikov M. F. (2002), Reptiles of the Central Ciscaucasia, Stavropol’servisshkola, Stavropol [in Russian].

Wen T. H., Saboori F., and Akrami M. A. (2012), «A new sand mite of Schoengastia (Acari: Trombiculidae) from the soil under camel’s thorn in Iran», Pers. J. Acarol., 1(1), 1 – 10.

Zazanashvili N., Sanadiradze G., and Bukhnikashvili A. (1999), «Caucasus», in: R. A. Mittermeier, N. Myers, P. G. Gil, and C. G. Mittermeier (eds.), Hotspots: Earth’s Biologically Richest and Most Endangered Terrestrial Ecoregions. CEMEX/Agrupacion Sierra Madre, Mexico City, Toppan Printing Co, Japan, pp. 269 – 273.

Zhil’tsova M. V. (2017), «Chigger mites (Trombiculidae, Acariformes) in Stavropol’skiy Krai», in: Contemporary Problems of General and Applied Parasitology. Proc. of Sci.-Pract. Conf. in memory of Professor V. A. Romashov, October 26, 2017, Nauchnaya kniga, Voronezh, pp. 53 – 57 [in Russian].



  • There are currently no refbacks.

You can subscribe to the print or electronic version of the journal on the site of EastView Company. If you have any questions, please write to the email