Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A Skink (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Late Miocene of Ukraine

Elena Syromyatnikova


Maxillary and dentary fragments of cf. Plestiodon (Squamata: Scincidae) are described from the Late Miocene of the Gritsev locality, Ukraine. This first, although tentative, fossil record of the genus adds new data to the fossil history of European Cenozoic skinks.


Plestiodon; Scincidae; Neogene; Ukraine

Full Text:



Bailon S. (2014), “Herpetofauna tardiglaciar y holocena de Santa Catalina (Lekeito, Vizcaya),” Bizkaiko Arkeol. Indusk. — Excavac. Arqueol. Bizkaia, 4, 103 – 118.

Blain H.-A., Bailon S., and Agustí J. (2007), “Anurans and squamate reptiles from the latest early Pleistocene of Almenara-Casablanca-3 (Castellón, East of Spain). Systematic, climatic and environmental considerations,” Geodiversitas, 29, 269 – 295.

Blain H.-A. and Bailon S. (2010), “Anfibios y escamosos del Pleistoceno inferior de Barranco León y de Fuente Nueva 3 (Orce, Andalucía, España),” in: I. Toro, B. Martínez-Navarro, and J. Agustí (eds.), Ocupaciones Humanas Durante el Pleistoceno Inferior y Medio de la Cuenca de Guadix-Baza. Arqueología Monografías, Junta de Andalucía, Sevilla, pp. 165 – 183.

Böhme M. (2010), “Ectothermic vertebrates (Actinopterygii, Allocaudata, Urodela, Anura, Crocodylia, Squamata) from the Miocene of Sandelzhausen (Germany, Bavaria) and their implications for environment reconstruction and palaeoclimate,” Paläontol. Zeitschr., 84(1), 3 – 41.

Caputo V. (2004), “The cranial osteology and dentition in the scincid lizards of the genus Chalcides (Reptilia, Scincidae),” Ital. J. Zool., 71, 35 – 45.

Čerňanský A. and Syromyatnikova E. V. (2021), “The first pre-Quaternary fossil record of the clade Mabuyidae with a comment on the enclosure of the Meckelian canal in skinks,” Papers Palaeontol., 7, 195 – 215.

Čerňanský A., Syromyatnikova E. V., Kovalenko E. S., Podurets K. M., and Kaloyan A. A. (2020), “The key to understanding the European Miocene Chalcides (Squamata, Scincidae) comes from Asia: The lizards of the East Siberian Tagay locality (Baikal Lake) in Russia,” The Anatom. Rec., 303, 1901 – 1934.

Codrea V. A., Venczel M., and Ursachi L. (2017), “Amphibians and squamates from the early Vallesian of Creţeşti (Vaslui County, E-Romania),” Nymphaea, 44, 37 – 56.

Croft P., Ceron-Carrasco R., Peltenburg E., Bailon S., Cucchi T., Mano L., Colledge S., Deckers K., Lorentz K. O., and Ridout-Sharpe J. (2017), Neolithic Kisonerga-Myloudia, 2000 – 2006: the Bioarchaeology. Report of the Department of Antiquities, Cyprus, 2011-12, Department of Antiquities, Nicosia, pp. 189 – 217.

Delfino M. (2002), Erpetofaune Italiane del Neogene e del Quaternario, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena.

Georgalis G. L., Villa A., Ivanov M., Vasilyan D., and Delfino M. (2019), “Fossil amphibians and reptiles from the Neogene locality of Maramena (Greece), the most diverse European herpetofauna at the Miocene/Pliocene transition boundary,” Palaeontol. Electron., 22.3.68, 1 – 99.

Georgalis G. L., Čerňanský A., and Mayda S. (2021), “Late Paleogene herpetofaunas from the crossroads between two continents — new amphibian and reptile remains from the Oligocene of southern Balkans and Anatolia,” Comptes Rendus Palevol., 20(15), 253 – 275.

Ivanov M. (1999), “The first European pit viper from the Miocene of Ukraine,” Acta Palaeontol. Polonica, 44(3), 327 – 334.

Ledesma D. T., Scarpetta S. G., Jacisin III J. J., Meza A., Kemp M. E. (preprint), “Identification of Late Pleistocene and Holocene fossil lizards from Hall’s Cave and a primer on morphological variation in North American lizard skulls,” bioRxiv, 2023.07.25.549934.

López-García J. M., Blain H.-A., Cuenca-Bescós G., Alonso C., Alonso S., and Vaquero M. (2011), “Small vertebrates (Amphibia, Squamata, Mammalia) from the late Pleistocene-Holocene of the Valdavara-1 cave (Galicia, northwestern Spain),” Geobios, 44, 253 – 269.

Roček Z. (2019), “A contribution to the herpetofauna from the late Miocene of Gritsev (Ukraine),” Comptes Rendus Palevol., 18(7), 817 – 847.

Szyndlar Z. and Zerova G. (1990), “Neogene cobras of the genus Naja (Serpentes: Elapidae) of East Europ,” Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 91, 53 – 61.

Vasilyan D. and Yanenko V. (2020), “The last Palaeoproteus (Urodela: Batrachosauroididae) of Europe,” Sci. Rep., 10, 2733.

Vasilyan D., Čerňanský A., Szyndlar Z., and Mörs T. (2022), “Amphibian and reptilian fauna from the early Miocene of Echzell, Germany,” Fossil Record, 25(1), 99 – 145.

Venczel M. and Hír J. (2013), “Amphibians and squamates from the Miocene of Felsőtárkány Basin, N-Hungary,” Palaeontogr. Abt. A, 300, 117 – 158.

Villa A. and Delfino M. (2019), “A comparative atlas of the skull osteology of European lizards (Reptilia: Squamata),” Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 187, 829 – 928.

Villa A., Georgalis G. L., and Delfino M. (2020), “The latest Early Pleistocene amphibians and reptiles from Kaiafas (Greece) and the first record of fossil Ophiomorus (Squamata, Scincidae),” Geobios, 62, 79 – 90.

Zerova G. A. (1987), “Localities of the late Miocene – early Pleistocene lizards and snakes of Ukraine» in: Materials to Some Late Cenozoic Vertebrate Groups of the Ukraine [in Russian], Izd. Inst. Zool. AN USSR, Kiev, pp. 12 – 18.

Zerova G. A. (1989), “The first find of a fossil Sand Boa of the genus Albaneryx (Serpentes, Boidae) in the USSR,” Vestn. Zool., 1989, 30 – 35.

Zerova G. A. (1992), “Vipera (Daboia) ukrainica — a new viper (Serpentes; Viperidae) from the Middle Sarmatian (Upper Miocene) of Ukraine,” Neues Jahrb. Geol. Paläontol. Abh., 184, 235 – 249.

Zerova G. A. (1993), “Late Cainozoic localities of snakes and lizards of Ukraine,” Rev. Paléobiol., 7, 273 – 280.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

You can subscribe to the print or electronic version of the journal on the site of EastView Company. If you have any questions, please write to the email