An Account on Poorly Known Corral Red Snake Oligodon kheriensis Acharji et Ray, 1936 from Assam, India

Sanjoy Sutradhar, Anukul Nath


Oligodon kheriensis, a kukri snake originally described from North Kheri Division, Eastern Circle, Kheri-Lakhimpur, in the United Provinces, Uttar Pradesh is recorded from Kokrajhar, Assam. This is the first authentic report of the snake from Assam. This species is very rare and only two authentic records were reported in the past, one from Uttar Pradesh (holotype), India and the other from Mahendranagar, in extreme southwestern Nepal. This species was thought to be geographically isolated from Oligodon cyclurus. But this present finding shows that the Oligodon kheriensis overlaps the distribution of Oligodon cyclurus and confirms the range extension upto western Assam.


Oligodon kheriensis; distribution; habitat; Kokrajhar; Assam; India

Full Text:



Acharji M. N. and Ray H. C. (1936), «A new species of Oligodon from the United Provinces (India)», Rec. Ind. Mus., 38, 519 – 520.

Acharji M. N. (1958), «On a collection of chelonians and snakes from Chota Nagpur, Bihar», Rec. Ind. Mus., 53(3 – 4), 383 – 392.

Ahmed S. and Dasgupta G. (1992), «Reptilia» in: Fauna of West Bengal. Part 2. State Fauna Series. Issue 3, Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta, pp. 1 – 65.

Anderson J. A. (1871), «On some Indian reptiles», Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 149 – 211.

Anonymous (2011), «A rare snake from Jalpaiguri», Aranya, 1(1), 3 – 4.

Anonymous (2012), Rare Indian snake species discovered at Katarniaghat Sanctuary,

Coleman K., Rothfuss L. A., Ota H., and Kardong K. V. (1993), «Kinematics of egg-eating by the specialized Taiwan snake Oligodon formosanus (Colubridae)», J. Herpetol., 27, 320 – 327.

Cox M. J. (1991), The Snakes of Thailand and Their Husbandry, Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar.

Dang P. N. and Nhue T. H. (1995), «Environmental pollution in Vietnam», in: Sung C. V. (ed.), Environment and Bioresources of Vietnam, Present Situation and Solutions, The Gioi, Hanoi.

de Silva A. (1998), Biology and Conservation of the Amphibians, Reptiles and their Habitats in South Asia, ARROS, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

David P., Vogel G., and Pauwels O. S. G. (2008a), «A new species of the genus Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826 (Squamata: Colubridae) from southern Vietnam and Cambodia», Zootaxa, 1939, 19 – 37.

David P., Vogel G., and van Rooijen J. (2008b), «A revision of the Oligodon taeniatus (Günther, 1861) (Squamata: Colubridae) group, with the description of three new species from the Indochinese Region», Zootaxa, 1965, 1 – 45.

David P. and Vogel G. (1996), The Snakes of Sumatra: An Annotated Checklist and Key With Natural History Notes, Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.

David P., Das I., and Vogel G. (2011), «On some taxonomic and nomenclature problems in Indian species of the genus Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826 (Squamata: Colubridae)», Zootaxa, 2799, 1 – 14.

Fitzinger L. J. (1826), Neue classification der reptilien nach ihren natürlichen verwandtschaften: nebst einer verwandtschafts-tafel und einem verzeichnisse der reptilien-sammlung des K. K. zoologischen museum’s zu Wien, J. G. Heubner, Wien.

Green M. D. (2010), Molecular Phylogeny of the Snake Genus Oligodon (Serpentes: Colubridae), with an Annotated Checklist and Key. Unpublished MS Thesis, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto.

Mathew R. (1995), «Reptilia» in: Fauna of West Bengal. Part 2. State Fauna Series. Issue 4, Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta, pp. 379 – 454.

Minton S. A. and Anderson J. A. (1963), «Feeding habits of the kukri snake, Oligodon taeniolatus», Herpetologica, 19, 147.

Ota H. and Lin J. T. (1994), «Digestive tract contents of Oligodon formosanus and their implications on the adaptation for reptile-egg eating in snakes», J. Taiwan Mus., 47, 75 – 78.

Pandey D. P. (2012), «Snakes in the vicinity of Chitwan National Park, Nepal», Herpetol. Conserv. Biol., 7(1), 46 – 57.

Schleich H. H. and Kästle W. (2002), Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal, A. R. G. Gantner Verlag KG.

Smith M. A. (1943), The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, including the whole of the Indo-Chinese subregion. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. III. Serpentes, Taylor & Francis, London.

Wagner F. W. (1975), A Revision of the Asian Colubrid Snakes Oligodon cinereus (Günther), Oligodon joynsoni (Smith), and Oligodon cyclurus (Cantor). Unpublished MS Thesis, Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University.

Wall F. (1921), Ophidia Taprobanica or the Snakes of Ceylon, Colombo Mus. (H. R. Cottle, govt. printer), Colombo.

Wall F. (1923), «A review of the Indian species of the genus Oligodon suppressing the genus Simotes (Ophidia)», Rec. Ind. Mus., 25, 305 – 334.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

You can subscribe to the print or electronic version of the journal on the site of EastView Company. If you have any questions, please write to the email