Pliocene Anurans of East-European Platform

Viatcheslav Yu. Ratnikov


The brief review of eleven Pliocene East-European localities of Anura and their taxonomic composition is presented. Species composition of herpetofauna distinguishes it from later Pleistocene ones.


Anura; Pliocene; East-European platform

Full Text:



Aleksandrova L. P. (1976), Rodents of Anthropogene of the European Part of the USSR, Nauka, Moscow [in Russian].

Borkin L. J. (1984), «The European-Far Eastern disjunctions in distribution of amphibians: a new analysis of the problem», in: L. J. Borkin (ed.), Ecology and Faunistics of Amphibians and Reptiles of the USSR and Adjacent Countries, Leningrad, pp. 55 – 88 [in Russian].

Chkhikvadze V. M. (1988), «New data on tortoises from Miocene and Pliocene of Precaucasus», in: Animal World of Precaucasus and Adjacent Territories, Stavropol, pp. 128 – 139 [in Russian].

Estes R. and Sanchiz B. (1982), «New discoglossid and palaeobatrachid frogs from the Late Cretaceous of Wyoming and Montana, and a review of other frogs from the Lance and Hell Creek formations», J. Vertebr. Paleontol., 2(1), 9 – 20.

Hodrova M. (1981), «Plio-Pleistocene frog fauna from Hajnačka and Ivanovce, Czechoslovakia», Ve˘stn. U˘str˘ed. u˘stavu geol., 56(4), 215 – 224.

Hodrova M. (1982), «The genus Pliobatrachus from the Upper Pliocene of Czechoslovakia», Čas. pro miner. a geol., 27(1), 37 – 49.

Hodrova M. (1987); «Lower Miocene frogs from the Dolnice locality in the cheb Basin (Chechoslovakia); Acta Univ. Carol. Geol.; 2; 97 – 115.

Krasnenkov R. V. (1985), «Uryv stratotypical region», in: S. M. Shik (ed.), Upper Pliocene of Upper Don Drainage-basin, Voronezh, pp. 11 – 28 [in Russian].

Młynarski M. (1961), «Plazy (Amphibia) z pliocenu Polski», Acta Palaeontol. Polonica, 6(3), 261 – 282.

Młynarski M. (1962), «Notes on the amphibian and reptilian fauna of the Polish Pliocene and Early Pleistocene», Acta Zool. Cracov., 7(11), 177 – 197.

Młynarski M. (1977), «New notes on the amphibian and reptilian fauna of the Polish pliocene and pleistocene», Acta Zool. Cracov., 22(2), 13 – 36.

Młynarski M., Szyndlar Z., Estes R., and Sanchiz B. (1962), «Amphibians and reptiles from the pliocene locality of Weze II near Dzialoszyn (Poland), Acta Palaeontol. Polonica, 29(3 – 4), 209 – 226.

Parker H. W. (1929), «Two fossil frogs from the Lower Miocene of Europe», Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. Ser. 10, 4, 270 – 281.

Ratnikov V. Yu. (1992), «Eopleistocene and pleistocene Anurans of the East-European platform», Paleontol. Zh., No. 1, 89 – 100 [in Russian].

Ratnikov V. Yu. (1993), «New representatives of Anura from the late neogene and pleistocene of the East-European platform», Paleontol. Zh., No. 2, 79 – 86 [in Russian].

Ratnikov V. Yu. (1996a), «On the finds of green toads (Bufo viridis complex) in the late cenozoic of the east-european platform», Paleontol. Zh., No. 2, 100 – 106 [in Russian].

Ratnikov V. Yu. (1996b), «The Late Pliocene herpetofauna of the Korotoyak site the Voronezh region and the contemporary landscape», In: Thijs van Kolfschoten and Phil Gibbard (eds.), The Dawn of the Quaternary: Volume of Abstracts of the INQUA-SEQS Symposium 16 – 21 June Kerkrade, The Netherlands, Geological Survey of the Netherlands, pp. 79.

Ratnikov V. Yu. (1997), «On the Finds of Pliobatrachus (Anura, Palaeobatrachidae) in Eastern Europe», Paleontol. Zh., No. 4, 70 – 76 [in Russian].

Roček Z. (1994), «Taxonomy and distribution of tertiary discoglossids (Anura) of the genus Latonia v. Meyer, 1843», Geobios, 27(6), 717 – 751.

Sanchiz B. (1998), Salientia. Encyclopedia of Paleoherpetology. Part 4, Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, München.

Sanchiz B. and Młynarski M. (1979), «Remarks on the Fossil Anurans from the Polish Neogene», Acta Zool. Cracov., 24(3), 153 – 174.

Špinar Z. and Roček Z. (1984), «The discovery of the impression of the ventral side of Eopelobates anthracinus Parker, 1929 holotype», Amphibia–Reptilia, 5, 87 – 95.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

You can subscribe to the print or electronic version of the journal on the site of EastView Company. If you have any questions, please write to the email