Genome Size Variation in the Balkan Anurans

L. J. Borkin, S. N. Litvinchuk, J. M. Rosanov, G. Džukić, M. L. Kalezić


genome size; DNA flow cytometry; Anura; Bombina; Bufo; Hyla; Pelobates; Rana; Serbia and Montenegro; Macedonia

Full Text:



Borkin L. J. (1998), «Amphibia», in: Ananjeva N. B., Borkin L. J., Darevsky I. S., and Orlov N. L., Zemnovodnye i Presmykayushchiesya [Amphibians and Reptiles], ABF, Moscow, pp. 19 – 174 [in Russian].

Borkin L. J. (1999), «Distribution of amphibians in North Africa, Europe, Western Asia, and the former Soviet Union», in: Duellman W. E. (ed.), Patterns of Distribution of Amphibians: a Global Perspective, The Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, Baltimore – London, pp. 329 – 420.

Borkin L. J., Litvinchuk S. N., Rosanov J. M., and Milto K. D. (2001), «Cryptic speciation in Pelobates fuscus (Anura, Pelobatidae): evidence from DNA flow cytometry», Amphibia–Reptilia, 22(4), 387 – 396.

Borkin L. J., Litvinchuk S. N., Rosanov J. M., Khalturin M. D., Lada G. A., Borissovsky A. G., Faizulin A. I., Kotserzhinskaya I. M., Novitsky R. V., and Ruchin A. B. (2003), «New data on the distribution of two cryptic forms of the common spadefoot toad (Pelobates fuscus) in eastern Europe», Russ. J. Herpetol., 10(2), 111 – 118.

Dubois A. and Ohler A. (1994), «Frogs of the subgenus Pelophylax (Amphibia, Anura, genus Rana): a catalogue of available and valid scientific names, with comments on name-bearing types, complete synonymies, proposed common names, and maps showing all type localities», Zool. Poloniae, 39(3 – 4), 139 – 204.

Džukić G. and Kalezić M. L. (2004), «The biodiversity of amphibians and reptles in the Balkan Peninsula», in: Griffiths H., Kryštufer B., and Reed M. (eds.), Balkan Biodiversityy. Pattern and Process in the European Hotspot, Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp. 167 – 192.

Hotz H., Uzzell T., Günther R., Tunner H., and Heppich S. (1987), «Rana shqiperica, a new European water frog species from the Adriatic Balkans (Amphibia, Salientia, Ranidae)», Notulae Naturae, 468, 1 – 3.

Khalturin M. D., Borkin L. J., Litvinchuk S. N., and Rosanov J. M. (1996), «Hybridization between Bombina bombina and Bombina variegata in the Ukrainian Transcarpathians: electrophoretic and genome size data», in: Biologia płazów i gadów. Materiały Konferencyjne. IV Ogólnopolska Konferencija Herpetologiczna. Kraków. 26 – 27 września 1996, Wydawnictwo Naukowe WSP, Kraków, pp. 45 – 46.

Khalturin M. D., Rosanov J. M., Litvinchuk S. N., and Borkin L. J. (2001), «Hybridization between fire-bellied toads Bombina bombina and B. variegata in the Ukrainian Transcarpathians», in: Proc. of the 1st Meeting Nikolsky Herpetol. Soc. «The Problems of Herpelogy», Pushchino – Moscow, pp. 312 – 313.

Khalturin M., Litvinchuk S. N., Borkin L. J., Rosanov J. M., and Milto K. D. (2003), «Genetic variation in two cryptic forms of the common spadefoot toad, Pelobates fuscus (Pelobatidae, Anura, Amphibia) differing in genome size», Tsitologiya, 45(3), 308 – 323 [in Russian, with English summary].

Plötner J. (1998), «Genetic diversity in mitochondrial 12S rDNA of western Palearctic water frogs (Anura, Ranidae) and implications for their systematics», J. Zool. Syst. Evol. Res., 36, 191 – 201.

Rot-Nikčević I., Sidorovska V., Džukić G., and Kalezić M. L. (2001), «Sexual size dimorphism and life history traits of two European spadefoot toads (Pelobates fuscus and P. syriacus) in allopatry and sympatry», Annales Ser. Hist. Nat. Koper, 11, 107 – 120.

Szymura J. M., Uzzell T., and Spolsky C. (2000), «Mitochondrial DNA variation in the hybridizing fire-bellied toads, Bombina bombina and B. variegata», Mol. Ecol., 9, 891 – 899.

Ugurtas I., Ljubisavljević K., Sidorovska V., Kalezić M. L., and Džukić G. (2002), «Morphological differentiation of the Eastern spadefoot toad (Pelobates syriacus) populations», Israel J. Zool., 48, 13 – 32.

Vasara E., Sofianidou T., and Schneider H. (1991), «Bioacoustic analysis of the yellow-bellied toad in northern Greece (Bombina variegata scabra L., Anura, Discoglossidae)», Zool. Anz., 226(5/6), 220 – 236.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

You can subscribe to the print or electronic version of the journal on the site of EastView Company. If you have any questions, please write to the email